Resources & Suggested Readings

The below resources and publications are included in the available Democratic Lens: Photography and Civic Engagement Interviews, Essay, and Lectures.

War/Photography: Images of Armed Conflict and Its Aftermath by Anne Wilkes Tucker, Will Michels, and Natalie Zelt


• Ager, P., Boustan, L., and Eriksson, K. “The Intergenerational Effects of a Large Wealth Shock: White Southerners after the Civil War.” American Economic Review, 111 (11): 3767-94
• Alexandra Bell, “Public Art: Counternarratives.”
• Anne Wilkes Tucker, Will Michels, and Natalie Zelt, War/Photography: Images of Armed Conflict and Its Aftermath (Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 2012).
• Apel, Dora, & Smith, Shawn Michelle. (2008). Lynching Photographs. Univ. of California Press.
• Art for the Future: Artists Call and Central American Solidarities, 6 Sep. 2022 – 3 Dec. 2022, University of New Mexico Art Museum, Albuquerque, NM.


• Baca, M. and Best, M., eds., Conflict, Identity and Protest in American Art. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 2016.
• Beil, Kim. Good Pictures: A History of Popular PhotographyStanford University Press, 2020.
• Beil, Kim. “Photography Has Gotten Climate Change Wrong from the Start,” The Atlantic. November 27, 2020. 
• Beil, Kim. “Why We Remember Floods and Forget Droughts,” The Atlantic. July 17, 2022.
• Berger, Martin A. Seeing Through Race: A Reinterpretation of Civil Rights Photography. University of California Press. 2011.
• Berger, Martin A. Freedom Now! Forgotten Photographs of the Civil Rights Struggle. University of California Press. 2022.
• Bernstein, J. “Bad News: Selling the Story of Misinformation.” Harper’s, Aug. 9, 2021.
• Best, M., ed. Devour the Land: War and American Landscape Photography since 1970. Yale Univ. Press. 2021.
• Best, M., and Moore, M., On the Line: Documents of Risk and Faith. Gnomic Books. 2022.
• Best, M., Elevate the Masses: Alexander Gardner, Photography and Democracy in Nineteenth-Century America. Penn State Univ. Press, 2020.
• Best, M., “A Surreal Seemingness,” in Necessary Fictions, Debi Cornwall. Radius Books, 2020.
• Best, M., “Time is Now: Photography and Social Change in James Baldwin’s America.” James Baldwin Review, Vol. 5 (2019).
• Buell, Hal, & Ut, Nick. (2021). From Hell to Hollywood: The Incredible Journey of Ap Photographer Nick Ut. The Associated Press.


• Camargo, C. Q., & Simon, F. M. (2022). “Mis- and disinformation studies are too big to fail: Six suggestions for the field’s future.” Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) Misinformation Review.
• Carrie Mae Weems, “From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried.” Photographs © Carrie Mae Weems.
• Cowen, T. “Too Much Misinformation? The Issue is Demand, Not Supply.” Bloomberg, October 3, 2023

The Self in Black and White
Race and Subjectivity in Postwar American Photography
by Erina Duganne


• “Dorothea Lange: Grab a Hunk of Lightning,” documentary film, 2014. Directed by Dyanna Taylor.
• Dorothea Lange, Central Photographic File of the War Relocation Authority. National Archives.
• Dorothea Lange Digital Archive. “Exposing Injustice: Incarceration of Japanese Americans
• Dorothea Lange Digital Archive, Oakland Museum of Art.
• “Dorothea Lange: Documenting the Depression, Migration and Forced Relocation,” interview with Dyanna Taylor, The Democratic Lens.
• Douglass, Frederick. Frederick Douglass Papers: Speech, Article, and Book File, -1894; Speeches and Articles by Douglass, -1894; Undated; “Pictures and Progress,” manuscript fragment. – 1894. [Manuscript/Mixed Material]. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
• Douglass, Frederick. “Pictures and Progress: An Address Delivered in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 3, 1861.” The Frederick Douglass Papers Project, Indiana University-Purdue University Indiana.
• Du Bois, W. E. B (William Edward Burghardt) 1868-1963, Du Bois albums of photographs for the African Americans in Georgia exhibit at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900. Provided by the Digital Library of Georgia.
• Duganne, E. (2010). The Self in Black and White: Race and Subjectivity in Postwar American Photography. Dartmouth College Press.


• Eckhart, Sarah. Working Together: Louis Draper and the Kamoinge Workshop. Duke University Press. 2020.
• Equal Justice Initiative. “Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror.”3rd Ed. 2017.


• Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Negatives, Library of Congress.

Destitute pea pickers in California. © Dorothea Lange


• Gates, H.L., editor. To Make Their Own Way in the World: The Enduring Legacy of the Zealy Daguerreotypes. Peabody Museum Press and Aperture. 2020.


• Habgood-Coote, J. Deepfakes and the epistemic apocalypse. Synthese 201, 103 (2023).
• hooks, bell. “Eating the Other: Desire and Resistance.” 1992.


• Ifill, S. On the Courthouse Lawn: Confronting the Legacy of Lynching in the 21st Century. Beacon Press. 2018.
• Image Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California. 1936, often known as “Migrant Mother” © Dorothea Lange, for the U.S. Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information. Provided by the Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division.


• Johnson (Frances Benjamin) Collection, Library of Congress.


• Kelen, L. ed., This Light of Ours: Activist Photographers of the Civil Rights Movement. University of Mississippi Press. 2011.
• Kuo, R., & Marwick, A. (2021). “Critical disinformation studies: History, power, and politics.” Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) Misinformation Review.

Undermining: a wild ride through land use, politics, and art in the changing West by Lucy R. Lippard


• Laura Wexler, Tender Violence: Domestic Visions in an Age of U.S. Imperialism, (University of North Carolina Press, 2000).
• Lenoir, T., & Anderson, C. (2023). “Introduction Essay: What Comes After Disinformation Studies.” Center for Information, Technology, & Public Life (CITAP), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
• Lewis, S., and Garnier, C., eds. Carrie Mae Weems. MIT Press, 2021.
• Lewis, Sarah Elizabeth. “The Racial Bias Built into Photography.” The New York Times, April 25, 2019.
• Lewis, S. The Rise: Creativity, the Gift of Failure, and the Search for Mastery. Simon & Schuster, 2015.
• Life Magazine, “How to Tell the Japs from the Chinese,” December 22, 1941. Digital Exhibit, “Japanese American Incarceration,” Washington State University
• Lippard, Lucy R. A Different War: Vietnam in Art. Norway, Whatcom Museum of History and Art, 1990.
• Lippard L. R. (1990). From the Center: Feminist Essays on Women’s Art. Dutton.
• Lippard L. R. Eva Hesse. Da Capo Press. 1992.
• Lippard L. R. Mixed Blessings: New Art in a Multicultural America. New Press. 2000.
• Lippard, Lucy R. Stuff: Instead of a Memoir. New Village Press. 2023
• Lippard L. R. Undermining: A Wild Ride Through Land Use Politics and Art in the Changing West. New Press. 2014.
• Lippard, L. R. Pueblo Chico: Land and Lives in Galisteo Since 1814. Museum of New Mexico Press. 2020.


• Meiselas, Susan. Susan Meiselas: Nicaragua June 1978-July 1979. Aperture. 2016
• Monument Lab, “National Monument Audit.” 2021.
• Moore, Charles, & Durham, Michael S. (1991). Powerful Days: The Civil Rights Photography of Charles Moore. Stewart, Tabori & Chang.


• National Archives. Photographs of Lewis Hine: Documentation of Child Labor.
• New York Public Library Digital Collections. “Lewis Wickes Hine: Documentary Photographs, 1905-1938.



• Panzer, Mary. Lewis Hine. 2002. Phaidon.
• Pegler-Gordon, Anna. In Sight of America: Photography and the Development of U.S. Immigration Policy. 2002. University of California Press. 
• Photographic Negatives and Prints of Native American Delegations, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology 1897-1965, courtesy of National Archive.
• “Photographic Portraits as Social Capital and Social Theft,” essay by Laura Wexler, The Democratic Lens.



“Come Let Us Build a New World Together” poster for SNCC and Photography of the Civil Rights Movement

• “Race, Citizenship and Self Image in 19th Century America” interview with Shawn Michelle Smith, The Democratic Lens.
• Raiford, L. Imprisoned in a Luminous Glare: Photography and the African American Freedom Struggle. University of North Carolina Press. 2011.
• Raiford, L. “Come Let Us Build a World Together.” American Quarterly, December 2007. 
• Raiford, L. and Raphael-Hernandez, H. Migrating the Black Body: The African Diaspora and Visual Culture. The University of Washington Press. 2017.
• Raiford, L., Imprisoned in a Luminous Glare: Photography and the African American Freedom Struggle. Univ. of North Carolina Press. 2011.
• Raiford, L., “Burning All Illusions: Abstraction, Black Life and White Supremacy.” Art Journal, January 2021.
• Raiford, L. and Heike Raphael-Hernandez, Migrating the Black Body: The African Diaspora and Visual Culture. Univ. of Wash. Press. 2017.
• Raiford, L., “Dawoud Bey.” Aperture: Vision & Justice (No. 223), 2016.
• Raiford, L. “Ida B. Wells and the Shadow Archive” in Pictures and Progress: Early Photography and the Making of African American Identity, Maurice O. Wallace & Shawn Michelle Smith, eds. Duke Univ. Press. 2012.
• Richard Avedon, “Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr., civil rights leader, with his father, Martin Luther King, Baptist minister, and his son, Martin Luther King III, Atlanta,” March 22, 1963 © The Richard Avedon Foundation.
• Rogers, Molly and Blight, David. Delia’s Tears: Race, Science, and Photography in Ninetheenth-Century America. Yale University Press. 2010.
• Romano, Renee C.,  and Leigh Raiford, eds. The Civil Rights Movement in American Memory. Univ. of Georgia Press. 2006.
• Romano, R.C. and Raiford, L., eds. The Civil Rights Movement in American Memory. University of Georgia Press. 2006.
• Roth, Lorna. The Colour Balance Project.


Pregnant Pictures by Sandra Matthews and Laura Wexler

• Sandra Matthews and Laura Wexler, Pregnant Pictures, (Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2000)
• Sekula, Allan. “The Body and the Archive.” October, vol. 39, 1986, pp. 3 – 64.  JSTOR.
• Speaking with Light: Contemporary Indigenous Photography, 30 Oct. 2022 – 22 Jan. 2023, Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TX.
• Sharpe, Christina. (2016). In the Wake: On Blackness and Being. Duke University Press.
• Shames, S. and Seale, B. Power to the People: The World of the Black Panthers. Abrams. 2026.
• Sholette, The Art of Activism and the Activism of Art. New Directions. 2022
• SNCC Digital Gateway,
• The SNCC Legacy Project,
• Smith, Shawn Michelle.  Photographic Returns: Racial Justice and the Time of Photography. Duke University Press. 2020.
• Stauffer, J., Trodd, Z. and Bernier, C. Picturing Frederick Douglass: An Illustrated Biography of the Nineteenth Century’s Most Photographed American. 2015. W.W. Norton.


• Talking Tintypes, an augmented photographic experience and collaboration created by Diné photographer, Will Wilson, Indigenous artists and leaders, and a broader public.
• The Cook Photograph Collection, Virginia Commonwealth University Digital Collections.
• The Silent Scream. Directed by Jack Dabner, with Dr. Bernard Nathanson, American Portrait Films, 1984.
• Trouillot, T. “How a Trained Journalist is Using Public Art to Expose Media Racism.” Artnet. June 1, 2107.


• Ureña, Leslie. “Lewis Hine at Ellis Island: The Photography of Immigration and Race, 1904–1926

Pictures and Progress by Maurice O. Wallace and Shawn Michelle Smith


Vision & Justice – A catalytic civic initiative that generates original research, curricula, and programs that reveal the foundational role visual culture plays in generating equity and justice in America.
• “”Vision & Justice,” Aperture 223 | Aperture Magazine.” Aperture,
• Vision & Justice: A Civic Curriculum. Aperture, 2019.


• Wallace, Maurice O., and Smith, Shawn Michelle, eds. Pictures and Progress: Early Photography and the Making of African American Identity. Duke University Press. 2012.
• WAR/PHOTOGRAPHY: Images of Armed Conflict and Its Aftermath, 11 Nov. 2012 – 3 Feb. 2013, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas.
• Wasserman, H. “Cultural factors are behind the disinformation pandemic: Why this matters.” The Conversation.
• “Welcoming Underexposed Black Photographers Into the Canon.” The New York Times, 4 Apr. 2024.
• Wexler, L. Tender Violence: Domestic Visions in the Age of U.S. Imperialism. 2000. University of North Carolina Press.
• Williamsson, E. “From Sandy Hook to Uvalde, The Violent Images Never Seen.” The New York Times. May 30, 2022.
• Wood, A.L. Lynching and Spectacle: Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890-1940. 2011. University of North Carolina Press.